Jennifer Pan planned a home invasion to murder her parents. She hired three men to help her. Everything went according to her plan, her parents were taken to the basement and shot. Her mother died and her father was put into a coma. No one suspected Jennifer and she thought she was finally free from her restrictive parents. However, her plan was cut short when her father woke up from the coma.
The Pans were the epitome of an immigrant success story. In 1979, Huei Hann Pan and his wife Bich Han Pan fled Vietnam in search of a better life. Hann worked as a tool and die maker, while his wife worked in the same factory, making auto parts.
Like any father, Hann was determined for his children to have better opportunities than he did. The couple worked hard to save money, ensuring their children had the education and opportunities they missed out on. Their children were almost perfect; Felix Pan studied mechanical engineering at a prestigious university, and Hann wanted his son to design cars, not just assemble them like his parents.
Jennifer’s parents set many goals for her and had extremely high expectations. She received piano lessons at the age of four and also took figure skating lessons, training most days of the week. For her parents, their daughter was an Olympic-caliber figure skater, an award-winning pianist, and a straight-A student. Hann wanted Jennifer to become a doctor, but he acknowledged that she did not have the stomach for it, so he chose pharmacy as her career option.
In 2004, the family was financially stable enough to purchase a “large” house with a two-car garage on a residential street in Markham, a city with a large Asian population. Hann drove a Mercedes Benz C Class W203 and Bich drove a Lexus ES 300. They had saved $200,000 over time, as the Pans led a very disciplined and frugal life.
Jennifer Pan’s Life of Lies
Almost everything her parents knew about her was a lie. Jennifer was not the innocent, straight-A, piano-playing daughter she pretended to be. She began lying when she was a child, blaming much of her behavior on “Tiger Parenting.” Since Hann Pan placed education above everything, it got so bad for her that she made up lies to believe she was the daughter her parents wanted her to be.
The Pans picked up Jennifer when her classes ended each day and closely monitored her extracurricular activities. She was never allowed to date boys during her high school years or attend high school dances or proms for fear that these activities would distract her from her academic commitments. Jennifer and her friends considered her upbringing restrictive and highly oppressive.
Jennifer began to lead a double life of deception. She produced fake cards with a photocopier, even though she did not finish high school. She wrote a letter of appreciation to an elite pharmacy school, the career her father chose for her.
However, when she failed her final year of high school math class, Ryerson University revoked her early admission because Jennifer could not bear to be perceived as a failure. She began lying to her family and pretending to attend university.
Instead, she spent her days sitting in cafes, teaching piano, and working in a restaurant to make money to sustain the farce. She told her parents that she had received scholarships and even claimed that she had accepted an offer for the pharmacology program at the University of Toronto.
She even bought second-hand textbooks and watched pharmacology videos to create notebooks full of alleged class notes that she could show to her parents. Jennifer also asked her parents for permission to stay with a friend near campus all week, but in reality, she stayed with her high school sweetheart, Daniel Chi-Kwong Wong, whom her parents knew nothing about.
While pretending to graduate from the University of Toronto, Jennifer told her parents that she had worked as a volunteer at the Hospital for Sick Children. However, Hann and Bich were not convinced, as she did not have a hospital ID or uniform. Bich followed her daughter to work once and quickly discovered her deception.
Hann was shocked when she discovered her daughter’s double life and initially wanted to kick Jennifer out of the house. However, Bich persuaded him to allow her to stay. Hann gave Jennifer an ultimatum: either go back to school and finish high school and not see Daniel again or wait until he was dead to see him.
Jennifer Pan’s Fabricated Story
On the night of the crime, a surveillance camera caught three gunmen outside the Pan house.
Jennifer said that the attackers had entered the house and one of them had tied Jennifer’s hand with a shoelace on her back and tied her to a railing on the second floor. Hann and Bich were then taken to the basement and the last thing she heard were gunshots.
Call to 9-1-1
Jennifer then called 911 and told the operator that she was upstairs handcuffed and she heard gunshots.
- Operator: What’s your name?
- Jennifer: My name is Jennifer.
- Operator: Someone broke in?
- Jennifer: Someone broke in and I heard shots like pop. I don’t know what’s happening. I’m tied upstairs.
- Operator: Did it sound like gunshots?
- Jennifer: I don’t know what gunshots sound like. I just heard a pop.
- (Hann Pan screaming)
- Jennifer: I’m okay! My Dad just went outside screaming.
- Operator: Do you think your mom is downstairs too?
- Jennifer: I don’t hear her anymore.
- Jennifer: Please Hurry. I don’t know what’s happening.
- Operator: Ma’am, Ma’am, Ma’am
- Jennifer: I don’t know where my parents are.
According to Jennifer, her father somehow survived the attack as she heard him scream from a distance during the 9-1-1 call. After help arrived, Hann was taken to the hospital and placed in a coma. However, Bich was not so fortunate, as she died in the basement, having been shot multiple times in the back and ultimately in the back of the head. When the police arrived, they found Jennifer tied up, exactly as she had described on the call.
For the rest of the world, Jennifer was a grieving daughter – the survivor of a terrible invasion in which her mother died, and her father Hann Pan fought for his life in a coma. However, Jennifer’s story backfired.
Why did Jennifer’s story backfire?
Jennifer claimed that she was handcuffed to the railings on the second floor during the home invasion and murder of her parents. However, officers at the scene found it difficult to believe that she had managed to call 9-1-1 while in such a state. Additionally, the fact that the killers left Jennifer unharmed also raised suspicions.
The question of why anyone would leave an eyewitness behind was a perplexing one for the officers. Furthermore, officials found it hard to believe that Jennifer’s father would have left the house screaming for help, as she had claimed on the 9-1-1 call, rather than looking for his child in a dangerous situation.
The police grew suspicious of Jennifer’s story and began to keep a close watch on her. They noticed that she did not shed any tears and that her crying did not seem genuine, even at her mother’s funeral. These observations, along with other inconsistencies in her account, led them to investigate further.
Hann Pan Came Out Of Coma
What really happened that night was only known to the people in the house, and until now the police had only Jennifer’s word for it – but when Hann Pan came out of the coma, everything changed. Some believe it is a miracle that Hann survived after he was shot in the face at close range.
Fortunately, Hann remembered every detail about what happened in his house, the night he nearly died and his wife Bich was murdered. Hann described the incident differently from what his daughter had described. It was not the first time Jennifer was implicated in a lie.
Jennifer and Wong’s Crazy Relationship
Daniel Chi-Kwong Wong was Jennifer’s high school sweetheart, of whom her parents were unaware. At the age of 24, Wong grew tired of trying to maintain a relationship with Jennifer, who was constrained by her parents and could only meet him secretly.
When Jennifer found out that Wong had started dating another woman, she fabricated a story. She told Wong that a man had broken into her house, claiming to be a police officer and that several men had stormed in, raped her, and sent her a bullet, which she falsely claimed was sent by Wong’s new girlfriend.
The “Almost” Perfect Home Invasion Plan
However, text messages recovered from Jennifer’s phone revealed that Daniel had put Jennifer in touch with a well-known hitman, whom he had met through his drug dealings. One text message from the conversation Jennifer said: “I did everything for you”
According to police, Jennifer and Daniel had the plan to hire a professional thug for $10,000 to kill her parents, so that she would eventually inherit $500,000. Daniel gave Jennifer a SIM card and an iPhone so she could contact the thug.
On November 8th, 2010, Pan signaled to the killers that she had unlocked the door by turning her bedroom light on and off several times when she went to bed. She also spoke to one of the men, Mylvaganam. Shortly after, Mylvaganam and two other individuals entered the house through the unlocked front door.
They demanded all the money in the house and ransacked the master bedroom, taking Bich and Hann to the basement where they shot them multiple times. Bich was killed on the spot, but Hann survived.
After Hann recovered from the induced coma, he stated that he remembered everything. He saw his daughter coming down the stairs and being handcuffed. She spoke kindly to one of the attackers.
Investigation and Arrests
Jennifer was interviewed the night after the murder and arrested on November 22, 2010, during her third interview at the Markham Police Station. During this interview, she admitted to having hired the killers but claimed that she had hired them to kill her.
Trial Of Jennifer Pan
The trial of Jennifer Pan and her accomplices began on March 19, 2014, in Newmarket and lasted for ten months. All pleaded not guilty to the charges of first-degree murder, attempted murder, and conspiracy to murder.
Police had several pieces of evidence, including a comprehensive tracking of mobile device movements and text message traffic, including over 100 messages sent between Pan and Wong in the six hours prior to the killing.
During interrogations, Pan and her friend Daniel provided conflicting accounts. Notably, Pan claimed that she was not attacked, blindfolded, taken to the basement, or shot, leaving her as an eyewitness to the attack. On December 13, 2014, Jennifer, Daniel Wong, Mylvaganam, and Crawford were all convicted and each received a life sentence with no chance of parole for 25 years.
Before Jennifer was taken to prison, her father addressed her saying “I hope my daughter Jennifer thinks about what happened to her family and can become an honest person.”
Jennifer Pan Now
As of 2016, Jennifer Pan was serving her sentence at Grand Valley Institution for Women in Kitchener, Ontario. She is also prohibited from contacting Wong.