In the year 1947, there were unusually large waves of UFO sightings. Over 300 UFO sightings were claimed to be seen. Among these, is the infamous Roswell Incident. The sequence was triggered by a crash of a project, whether the object or something remains highly debated to this date. Because of the huge notoriety surrounding the Roswell incident, the town has become Ground Zero for UFO conspiracists.

Newspaper from few Days after Roswell Incident.
Newspaper headlines dated 8 July 1947, shortly after the Roswell crash. Photograph: Sipa Press/REX/Shutterstock

Interest subsequently waned until the late 1970s, when ufologists began promoting a variety of increasingly elaborate conspiracy theories, claiming the one or more alien spacecraft had crash-landed and that the extraterrestrial occupants had been recovered by the military, which then engaged in a coverup.

The official timeline of the case goes as followed by the media and official reports from the US Air Force.

A few days before June 14th, a crash occurred on Foster Ranch and on July 4th a local rancher named Mac Brazel went to the crash site to pick up the de in order to find something. Three days later Mac went to the local sheriff, George Wilcox with the remainings he found at the crash site.

The Sherrif then contacted Colonel Butch Blanchard at the nearby military base the Roswell Army Airfield. The base was home to the Elite 509th Bombardment Group, which deployed atomic bombs at the end of World War II. Major Jese Marcel the 509th intelligence officers orders them to assess the crash site and recover the materials.

Roswell Crash site
UFO Crash site ElvisFontenot/Getty Images/iStockphoto

Lt. Walter Haunt issued a press release stating that they believe they have a “flying saucer”. The Roswell Daily Record headlined the story “RAAF captures Flying saucer on Ranch in Roswell Region “, and on the same day, the Air Force strangely changes their story. General Ramey identified them as pieces of a weather balloon and issued a press release stating the same.

The following day the newspaper headlines another story “Harrass Rancher who located ‘Saucer’ sorry he told about it” and in the article, Mac Brazel reveals that the supposed alien wreckage was mere “rubber strips, tinfoil, a rather tough paper, and sticks”. With the Ballon incident corroborated by the case’s key witness.

It wasn’t until in 1978 when the topic sparked controversy when Jesse Markle in an interview with Friedman told that “He believed the wreckage was definitively NOT a weather balloon.”

It felt like you had nothing in your hands, it wasn’t any thicker than the foil out of a pack of cigarettes, but the thing about it that got me is that you couldn’t even bend it, you couldn’t even dent it, Even a sledgehammer would bounce off of it… I knew that I had never seen anything like that before. It was not anything from this earth, that I’m quite sure of… being an intelligence officer, I was familiar with just about all materials used in Aircraft and/or Air travel this was nothing like that… It could not have been. – Jesse said in an interview.

After the interview Jesse, Friendman went on to interview locals and some officials and find out that there had been a massive cover-up of the Roswell incident in 1947.

Rumors of recovered extraterrestrial bodies and a government coverup gained such a foothold in popular culture that the U.S. government took the unusual step of producing two reports in the 1990s that set out to put the matter to rest.

Theory 1: Supersecret Weather Balloon

However, in 1994 Air Force officials released a report that there was indeed a massive coverup but not about alien and anything extraterrestrial but in fact, it was a super-secret mission and the remains were of a ballon but not any regular ballon but a super-secret project called Project Mogul.


Project Mogul

Operation Mogul or Project Mogul was a top-secret project by US Army Air Forces involving microphones flown on high-altitude balloons, whose primary purpose was long-detection of sound wave generated by Soviet atomic bomb tests. The project was carried out for 1947 until early 1949.

Project Mogul
Project Mogul.

Project Mogul was conceived by Maurice Eqig who had earlier researched the deep sound channel in the oceans and theorized that a similar sound channel existed in the upper atmosphere. The project involved arrays of balloons carrying disc microphones nad radio transmitters to relay the signals to the ground. It was supervised by James Peoples.

Project Mogul weather balloons were tested out in several locations in the US and the Pacific and one of the locations as over new Mexico. The ballons were 650 feet long and had various listening equipment attached to their tails.

General accounting office initiated an audit to check whether the evidence was handled carefully and after gathering the information a report was released in 1995 by the US Air Force titles “The Roswell Report: Face vs Fiction”, Audit supported the theory that the Debris found in 1947 was from a balloon used in project mogul and found no evidence of Aliens involvement.

The Alien Bodies

In 1997, The Air Force released another report titled “The Roswell Report: Case Closed”. The report had a possible explanation for claims to alien bodies. Which goes like this: In the mid-1950s the Military tested the effects of parachute jumping on humans, by dropping human-like dummies over new Mexico. The dummies had plastic or Latex skin which might have them mistaken for alien bodies by the witnesses at the Roswell crash.

Newspaper article
Article From Corsicana, Texas, Newspaper 7-9-1947

But how can this explain that Rowell incident which took place over 1947 and the report said the mid-50s? Moreover, the Alien bodies found are described as little somewhere around 4 ft, and the dummies used on the drops were approximately six-feet tall.

Another suspicious thing that the report had is that when requested documented files of Reswell incident all files from January to October 1947, had been destroyed. No such records found who destroyed the case files.

Theory 2: Alien Life

There were more than 600 witnesses ranging from civilian to high-level military personals and when an interview was conducted by KGFL with Mac Brazel the details were so precise that it was not allowed to air due to phone calls from the FCC and us senator Dennis Chavez urging them not to. Brazel admitted that the crash site was like a ufo and reported alien bodies on the scene.

However, shortly after Brazel’s new statements, Brazel purchased a brand-new pickup truck. He left his job as a rancher to start a business in Alamogordo, New Mexico.

In a book published by Carey and Schmitt, Witness to Roswell: Unmasking the Government’s Biggest Cover-up, it revealed the findings that testimonies from locals and Brazel’s family that Brazel was detained by the military.


The book further suggested that he could have been forced to recant his statements about ufos and the military also reportedly threatened locals to keep quiet and ransacked everyone’s home for remeaning crash site materials.

This finding by Carey and Schmitt is corroborated by Col. Hunter G. Penn’s foster daughter that he was tasked with enforcing an “Information blackout” with a focus on the little bodies and was even allowed to use weapons if necessary.

Surprisingly Col. Butch Blanchard who issued the controversial release about the flying saucer surprisingly went on leave. However one oh his staff members Lt. Col. Joe Briley said claimed that Blanchard’s leave was actually a cover-up tp coordinate a cleanup operation of the crash site.

Project Sign was the first-ever official investigation of UFOs by the US Air Force only after a few months of the crash.

This theory makes more send than the Project Mogul because over 600 people claimed to have seen bodies as short in stature, maybe 3.5 to 4 feet with large heads, large eyes, the only hole for a nose. Most of the officials claimed to hear secondhand information of the bodies and some have even seen the aliens.

According to Sgt. William C. Ennis who was a flight engineer of the 393rd bomb squadron denied the crash for years like the rest of the military. However in 2008, Sgt. Ennis changed his tune admitting that it was, in fact, a spaceship and he had no idea how the ship flew as there was no engine.

Alien Parking
Alien Parking Sign near Roswell

The scattered debris had a metal that was weightless, smooth, thin and cannot be cut, scratched or burned. Even the officials started coming out, Sgt Earl Fulford in an interview said that “you could wad it up into a small ball and when you release it would become the same in a second or two”.

This quality of the metal was similarly amongst many testimonies. Other parts were considerably thin but awfully strong and couldn’t be dented with a heavy hammer.

Retired Brigadier General Arthur E. Exon who was an administration student in technology at Wright Field’s foreign technology division. The purpose of the division was to reverse engineer foreign tech, found that the metal could be easily ripped or changed but other parts were awfully strong and couldn’t be dented with hammers.

If assumed for a moment that the military is telling the truth, the crash site still had remains of rubber strips, tinfoil, and a rather tough paper and sticks as stated by Mac Brazel. The military however never denied Brazel’s statement over the UFOs, Major Jesse Marcel who was assigned to assess the crash site was a graduate from the Army’s Air Force Training Command in Radar Technology. How could a Major misinterpret a rubber strip, foil, and tinfoil as a part of an alien spaceship? There was more than one instance of a ufo over history, read more to find out.


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